Signs of Dehydration 


Preventing dehydration is the key intervention to preventing Urinary Tract Infections (UTI)

  • Ensure adequate fluid consumption. Usual amount is around 1500 - 2000 ml (6-8 glasses) each day. If patients are fluid restricted follow the guidance provided
  • Soups, jelly, gravy, sauces are also a good way of increasing fluid content for elderly that are unable to drink as much
  • Fluid should be consumed regularly throughout the day
  • Ensure choice of cup and drinks is appropriate for the individual
  • Try coloured cups
  • Regular bladder emptying throughout the day is key to preventing UTIs especially after long periods of sitting and lying down
  • Seek immediate advice if there are any constipation or continence issues. Decreasing fluid does not decrease incontinence risk but in fact does the opposite
  • Carry a drinks bottle around for mobile individuals
  • Maintaining good hand hygiene
  • Colour of urine is a good indicator of hydration - general rule of adequate hydration is the lighter and clearer the urine the better. See below



Under 5's with Dehydration 

Children should get plenty of fluids to avoid dehydration. Some of the signs of dehydration in children under 5 years include:

  • Seem drowsy
  • Breathe fast
  • Have few or no tears when crying
  • Have soft spot on their head that sinks inward (sunken fontanelle)
  • Have a dry mouth
  • Has dark yellow urine
  • Have cold and blotchy hands and feet

if your baby or child shows any of the above symptoms - please call your GP or if you are getting increasingly concerned visit your nearest A&E. 

It is common for young children to become dehydrated. It can be serious if not dealt with quickly. 

Call 111 when you need medical help fast but it’s not a 999 emergencyNHS ChoicesThis site is brought to you by My Surgery Website